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Offenses

Crimes and Schools


What offenses must schools report to law enforcement?

Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.3:1.D. requires principals to immediately report to the local law enforcement agency any act enumerated in clauses (ii) through (vii) of § 22.1-279.3:1.A. that may constitute a criminal offense.

Acts enumerated § 22.1-279.3:1.A. are:

(i) the assault or assault and battery, without bodily injury, of any person on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(ii) the assault and battery that results in bodily injury, sexual assault, death, shooting, stabbing, cutting, or wounding of any person, or stalking of any person as described in § 18.2-60.3, on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(iii) any conduct involving alcohol, marijuana, a controlled substance, imitation controlled substance, or an anabolic steroid on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity, including the theft or attempted theft of student prescription medications;

(iv) any threats against school personnel while on a school bus, on school property or at a school-sponsored activity;

(v) the illegal carrying of a firearm, as defined in § 22.1-277.07, onto school  property;

(vi) any illegal conduct involving firebombs, explosive materials or devices, or hoax explosive devices, as defined in § 18.2-85, or explosive or incendiary devices, as defined in § 18.2-433.1, or chemical bombs, as described in § 18.2-87., on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(vii) any threats or false threats to bomb, as described in § 18.2-83, made against school personnel or involving school property or school buses; or

(viii) the arrest of any student for an incident occurring on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity, including the charge therefor.

A principal may report to the local law enforcement agency any incident described in clause (i) of subsection A. When there is injury, or the battery is against school personnel, reporting is mandatory.

Reportable Offense

The Virginia Department of Education requires that offenses of “discipline, crime, and violence (DCV)” be reported. Offenses are categorized by type and assigned DCV offense codes. See the resources on the right under VDOE Discipline, Crime and Violence Definitions.

The offenses that are required to be reported to law enforcement are listed in the table below:  

Offenses Required to Be Reported to Law Enforcement
Reportable Offense

DCV Codes and Offenses

DCV Codes and Offenses

Alcohol (AL1)
AC1 - Alcohol use
AC2 - Alcohol possession
AC3 - Alcohol sale or distribution

Assault/Battery
BA1 - Assault/battery with firearm or other weapon against staff
BA2 - Assault/battery without any weapon against staff
BA3 - Assault/battery with firearm or other weapon against student
BA4 - Assault/battery without any weapon against student
BA5 - Malicious wounding without a weapon

School Threat (BB1)
BO1 - Bomb threat
BO2 - Chemical or biological threat
BO3 - Terrorist threat
BO4 - Setting off a false fire alarm

Drug Violations
DG7 - Marijuana use
DG8 - Marijuana possession
DG9 - Marijuana sale or distribution
DG1 - Schedule I & II use
DG2 - Schedule I & II possession
DG3 - Schedule I & II sale or distribution
D10 - Other drug use/overdose
D11 - Other drug/paraphernalia possession
D12 - Other drug sale or distribution
D17 - Substances represented as drug look alike
D20 - Anabolic steroid use and possession
D19 - Anabolic steroid sale or distribution

Homicide
HO1 - Homicide of a staff member with a firearm
HO2 - Homicide of a staff member with a weapon
HO3 - Homicide of a student member with a firearm
HO4 - Homicide of a student member with a weapon

Stalking
ST1 - Stalking

Sexual Offenses
SB1 - Sexual battery against staff
SB2 - Sexual battery against a student
SX3 - Sexual assault of staff (rape)
SX6 - Attempted sexual assault of student (rape)
SX7 - Sexual offense with or without force/lewd behavior/indecent exposure
SX4 - Sexual assault of student (rape)
SX5 - Attempted sexual assault of staff (rape)
SX8 - Aggravated sexual battery against student less than 15

Threats/Verbal/Physical
TI1 - Threat/intimidation of staff/ physical/verbal

Weapons
WP0 - Pneumatic weapon (BB, pellet, or paint ball gun)
WP1 - Weapon handgun/pistol
WP2 - Weapon shotgun/rifle
WP4 - Weapon that expels a projectile
WP5 - Knife 3 inches or more
WP6 - Possession of explosive device/with live ammunition
WP7 - Use of a bomb or explosive device
WP8 - Zip, starter, flare gun

Reportable Offense

Additional guidance on reporting offenses to law enforcement is contained in Virginia Board of Education Student Conduct Policy Guidelines (PDF).

VDOE Discipline, Crime and Violence Definitions

The Virginia Department of Education updates DCV Definitions annually.

For more information on reporting, visit VDOE's School Safety section.

Code of Virginia

The Virginia General Assembly has posted the entire Code of Virginia online for web searching. You can perform a search by using key word(s), phrases or section numbers. You can also use the Table of Contents to view all Titles, Chapters, and Sections.

To explore the searchable Code of Virginia, go to the Virginia General Assembly Legislative Information System (LIS).