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Offenses

Reportable Offense The Offenses listed in this section are based on the Virginia Department of Education’s Discipline, Crime, and Violence (DCV) codes and definitions and carry the DCV Definition icon.

Reportable Offense In this section, DCV offenses that are required to be reported to law enforcement carry the reportable offense icon.


What offenses must schools immediately report to law enforcement?

Both the Virginia Code and Virginia Department of Education policy require principals to immediately report to the local law enforcement agency certain offenses enumerated in Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.3:1(A) and certain offenses falling under the DCV. Code of Virginia § 22.1-279.3:1(A) includes the following incidents:

(i) the assault or assault and battery, without bodily injury, of any person on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(ii) the assault and battery that results in bodily injury, sexual assault, death, shooting, stabbing, cutting, or wounding of any person, or stalking of any person as described in § 18.2-60.3, on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(iii) any conduct involving alcohol, marijuana, a controlled substance, imitation controlled substance, or an anabolic steroid on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity, including the theft or attempted theft of student prescription medications;

(iv) any threats against school personnel while on a school bus, on school property or at a school-sponsored activity;

(v) the illegal carrying of a firearm, as defined in § 22.1-277.07, onto school  property;

(vi) any illegal conduct involving firebombs, explosive materials or devices, or hoax explosive devices, as defined in § 18.2-85, or explosive or incendiary devices, as defined in § 18.2-433.1, or chemical bombs, as described in § 18.2-87., on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity;

(vii) any threats or false threats to bomb, as described in § 18.2-83, made against school personnel or involving school property or school buses; or

(viii) the arrest of any student for an incident occurring on a school bus, on school property, or at a school-sponsored activity, including the charge therefore.

For more information, visit the page for each offense type:

What offenses may schools report to law enforcement?

The following offenses do not carry the requirement of immediate reporting to law enforcement. Many of them are, however, crimes and school administrators should consider reporting them to law enforcement. The following DCV offenses are not required to be reported to law enforcement, but depending on the severity of the offense law enforcement contact could prove beneficial and/or necessary.

For more information, visit the page for each offense type:

Resources

The Virginia Department of Education requires that offenses of “discipline, crime, and violence (DCV)” be reported. Offenses are categorized by type and assigned DCV offense codes. See the resources on the right under VDOE Discipline, Crime and Violence Definitions.

Additionally, all DCV offenses listed in the following chart are required to be reported immediately to law enforcement.

Offenses Required to Be Reported to Law Enforcement
Reportable OffenseReportable Offense

DCV Codes and Offenses

DCV Codes and Offenses

Alcohol (AL1)
AC1 – Alcohol use
AC2 – Alcohol possession
AC3 – Alcohol sale or distribution

Assault/Battery
BA1 – Assault/battery with firearm or other weapon against staff
BA2 – Assault/battery without a weapon against staff
BA3 – Assault/battery with firearm or other weapon against student
BA4–Assault/battery without a weapon against student
BA5 – Malicious wounding without a weapon

Drug Violations
DR1 – Possession/Use Schedule I/II Drugs
DG1 – Schedule I & II use
DG2 – Schedule I & II possession
DG5 – Use or possession of synthetic marijuana
DG7 – Marijuana use
DG8 – Marijuana possession
D20 – Anabolic steroid use and possession
DR4 – Sale/Distribution Schedule I/II Drugs
DG3 – Schedule I & II sale or distribution
DG6 – Sale and/or distribution of synthetic marijuana
DG9 – Marijuana sale or distribution
D19 – Anabolic steroid sale or distribution
DR2 – Look-alikes, use or possession
DR3 – Theft of prescription medication
DR5 –Sale/Distribution Paraphernalia
D10 – Other drug use/overdose
D11 – Other drug/paraphernalia possession
D12 – Other drug sale or distribution

Homicide
HO1 – Homicide of a staff member with a firearm
HO2 – Homicide of a student with a firearm
HO3 – Homicide of a staff member with other weapon
HO4 – Homicide of a student with other weapon

School Threat (BB1)
BO1 – Bomb threat
BO2 – Chemical or biological threat
BO3 – Terrorist threat
BO4 – Setting off a false fire alarm

Sexual Offenses
SB1 – Sexual battery against staff
SB2 – Sexual battery against a student
SX3 – Sexual assault of staff (rape)
SX4 – Sexual assault of student (rape)
SX5 – Attempted sexual assault of staff (rape)
SX6 – Attempted sexual assault of student (rape)
SX7 – Sexual offense without force/
SX8 – Aggravated sexual battery against student less than 15

Stalking
ST1 – Stalking

Threats/Verbal/Physical
TI1 – Threat/intimidation of staff

Weapons
WP1 – Weapon handgun/pistol
WP2 – Weapon shotgun/rifle
WP4 – Weapon that expels a projectile
WP5 – Knife 3 inches or more
WP8 – Other firearms
WP9 – Other weapons
WP0 – Pneumatic weapon (BB, pellet, or paint ball gun)
WP6 – Possession of explosive device
WP7 – Use of a bomb or explosive device

Reportable Offense

Additional guidance on reporting DCV offenses to law enforcement is contained in Virginia Board of Education Student Conduct Policy Guidelines (PDF).

For detailed information on Virginia’s DCV reporting view the VDOE 2013-2014 Offense Code Table.

VDOE Discipline, Crime and Violence Definitions

The Virginia Department of Education updates DCV Definitions annually.

For more information on reporting, visit VDOE's School Safety section.

Code of Virginia

The Virginia General Assembly has posted the entire Code of Virginia online for web searching. You can perform a search by using key word(s), phrases or section numbers. You can also use the Table of Contents to view all Titles, Chapters, and Sections.

To explore the searchable Code of Virginia, go to the Virginia General Assembly Legislative Information System (LIS).